Important Facts You Need to Know About Corona virus
The recent outbreak of COVID-19 from China has given the coronavirus plenty of attention. Corona virus infects both humans and animals. Many health professionals have linked these viruses to respiratory problems. This virus, depending on the strain, can cause diseases that vary in severity, from mild cold-like symptoms to very serious respiratory symptoms present in COVID-19 infections.
To give light about the corona virus, this article will tackle its characteristics, its symptoms, and its mode of transmission. Further, other diseases caused by a different type of human corona virus, specifically SARS and MERS-COV, will be discussed as well.
What is CoronaVirus?
The Coronavirus is an enveloped virus that can affect man and animals depending on its species or strain. The virus has many projections from its surface that resemble a crown that gave its Latin name, “corona.” Most cases of infection from this virus are during cold seasons, particularly during winter and spring. Many people get reinfected after four months because the immunity to this virus is only short. There is also no evidence of cross-immunity from one strain to another.
What are the Symptoms Experienced in a Coronaviral Infection?
An infected person can experience a coronavirus symptom that is similar to a common cold or flu. When the infection is mild, the person can have the following:
– runny nose
– rarely, fever
– soreness in the throat
– weakness or low energy
In extreme conditions, coronavirus infection can be fatal to humans. Many evidences suggest that infection of a virulent form, in example, the COVID-19, can cause multi-organ failure in patients. When this happens, the patient can no longer recover from the condition and will eventually die.
To diagnose the disease, a doctor can collect a sample from a sick person. The sample can be collected from mucus or blood.
At present, there are still no known treatments for coronaviral infections. The only thing a person can do to fight the disease is through prevention. Some methods of preventing this disease are the following:
– reduce stress
– drink plenty of water
– have a healthy diet
– practice good hygiene
– boost the immune system
On the brighter side, some researchers have looked into local remedies to help shield healthy persons from the disease. Scientists are looking into virgin coconut oil for its antiviral properties. It is studied that VCO has a component that can dissolve the envelope of coronaviruses. When this coating is dissolved, the virus will die. It can be said that drinking VCO will increase the amount of the antiviral component within the person’s body.
How is Coronavirus Transmitted?
This virus can be transmitted by inhalation or contact of infected respiratory fluids. The virus can be carried into the air through tiny droplets and can be inhaled by a nearby person. In addition, contact with the virus through inanimate objects can also spread the disease, especially when a person rubs his eyes without washing hands first.
There are also people who are more susceptible to the virus. These are the following:
– very young people, babies
– old people, usually over 65 years old
– women who are pregnant
A new human coronavirus has created an outbreak of the respiratory disease in China last 2019. It was traced that the first few people infected with the virus had access to a market in Wuhan. It was believed that the virus was spread to humans via an infected animal. However, the new cases of infection did not have a history of contact with the Wuhan market. This made scientists believe that the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted from one person to another.
The World Health Organization has already declared this coronaviral infection a public health emergency. It has not only spread to the United States, but it also transmitted to more than 20 other countries worldwide.
The number of persons infected with this virus is alarmingly increasing along with fatalities. At present, there is already as much as 4.9% mortality rate in Wuhan cases. According to studies, the severity of the infection increases with age. The symptoms usually appear after 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. These symptoms vary from person to person. Some may not exhibit symptoms at all while others may have severe ones. The most common symptoms noted are the following:
– breathing difficulties
– violent coughing
There is no vaccine for this disease yet. However, scientists are already making progress in replicating the virus. This may pave the way for early detection and treatment of people infected without showing any clinical signs.
SARS is a condition caused by another form of human coronavirus. This started in China and spread to Hong Kong. It is highly contagious. The people infected with the virus will initially have flu-like symptoms which will later progress to pneumonia. Complications are usually involved in older people, usually 65 years old and above.
MERS-COV is a coronaviral disease that first started in Saudi Arabia. It also spread to other countries, especially South Korea. Most infected cases from other countries are people who have a travel history from Saudi Arabia. The symptoms of this condition also involve respiratory signs like:
– difficulty breathing
The transmission of the disease is through close contact with sick individuals. The 35.2% of MERS-COV cases ended in fatalities.
The world has already experienced a fair share of deadly human coronaviral infections. However, no matter how fatal, this disease can be prevented through proper hygiene and boosting the immune system. Further, local remedies may also contribute to its prevention and hopefully lead to its treatment in the future.